PREVALENCE AND RE-INFECTION RATES OF SOIL TRANSMITTED HELMINTHS AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN IN ARDO-KOLA L.G.A OF TARABA STATE
INTRODUCTION: Soil transmitted helminths have been a major cause of morbidity and mortality among school children in many developing countries including Nigeria. The developing countries contribute a greater share of the global burden of soil transmitted helminthic infestation than the developed countries and this has a public health implications.
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and re-infections rates of soil transmitted helminths among children in Ardokola Local Government Area of Taraba State,Nigeria.
METHODOLOGY: The study was a field interventional study. A total of 385 primary school pupils were selected using a multistage sampling method. Stool specimens were collected at baseline and albendazole 400mg given as an intervention.The data were computer analysed using SPSS version 17. The baseline prevalence of soil transmitted helminths was determined and the rate of re-infections at one, three and six months interval
RESULTS: The prevalence of soil transmitted helminths was found to be 64.4% at baseline. Re-infection rates were 11.1%, 31.7% and 58.3% at one, three and six months intervals respectively.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of soil transmitted helminths was high among school children in Ardokola Local Government Area in Taraba State.
RECOMMENDATION: The rate of re-infection was high, hence the need for periodic deworming and mass deworming every six months.